What is Pneumonia and Their Signs and Symptoms?
Pneumonia is caused by an infection in the lungs and lower respiratory tract. Learn about the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, and how to care for your child.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia, or an infection of the lower respiratory tract, was used to describe an infection inside the lungs. Most cases of pneumonia are caused by a virus and may appear after the onset of flu symptoms. The number of cases of pneumonia caused by bacteria is reduced.
Signs and symptoms of pneumonia
Symptoms of pneumonia in children may vary. They may be similar to colds or upper respiratory tract symptoms. Common signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:
- High fever
- Breathing fast
- Having trouble breathing
- There are squeaking noises coming from the lungs
- Don’t feel hungry
- Coughing or vomiting due to swallowing mucus
- Feeling overwhelmed and mentally, physically and emotionally disturbed
- Stomach (stomach) pain
What your doctor can do for pneumonia
If your doctor suspects pneumonia, it is possible that your child has a chest x-ray. Your child’s doctor may also do some blood tests. Pneumonia caused by the virus does not need to be treated with antibiotics, but viral and bacterial causes can be difficult to differentiate. Your child’s doctor will consider a number of factors before taking the best care of him.
Hospitalization if required
An X-ray of the right and left normal lungs and an X-ray of the right lung.
The lungs affected by pneumonia turn white on X-rays. This white shadow is visible due to the formation of substances in the airways of the lungs.
Most children can be cared for at home, and children who are more ill may need to be hospitalized. It is also possible that they may need to be given oxygen and other medications. It may be that the baby is initially given antibiotics (intravenously) in his vein, and probably later through the mouth as the baby’s condition improves.
Completely eliminate all antibiotics
If your child is prescribed a prescription for antibiotics, he or she must take all medications according to the prescribed prescription. Your child must complete a course of antibiotic treatment, even if he is feeling better, but it is still important to prevent it from recurring, to have immunity, and other complications.
Fever treatment and monitoring
Use acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra, or other brands), or ibuprofen (Motrin, Adol, or other brands) for fever. Never give your child ASA (the same tile salicylic acid or aspirin).
Maintain the amount of water in your baby’s body.
Give your child plenty of fluids to keep the body hydrated. Your baby’s appetite may also decrease, but it will improve when the infection starts to heal and they will start to feel better.
At first, your child will not need to eat much, but as soon as the infection starts to spread, the child will start to feel better, then gradually his appetite will go away.
Avoid smoky places
Keep your child away from smoke and things that cause inflammation or itching in the lungs.
It is also possible that your child’s cough will get worse before it gets better, as soon as pneumonia dissolves. Your child will cough to get rid of the mucus. It is possible that the cough lasted for a few weeks.
When to seek medical help
Contact your child’s regular doctor if:
- Your child’s cough lasts for more than three weeks.
- Your child’s fever lasts for more than 3 days after starting antibiotics.
- Take your child to the nearest emergency department. If your child:
- Excessive difficulty in breathing.
- Turns very yellow or lips turn blue.
- Swallowing antibiotics or refraining from drinking beverages.
- You look very sick.
- Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Viruses or occasional bacteria can cause this.
- If your child is prescribed antibiotics, make sure he completes the full course of antibiotics. Even though your baby is feeling better.
- Keep your baby calm and hydrated.